Debby Downer Speaks Again

Why are American churches dying?

A Dead Church Above Digne, France — John McKeel

Churches are dying. Speaking of all churches, Wesley Granberg-Michaelson writes in the forward of Jack R. Reese’s important book, At the Blue Hole: Elegy for a Church on the Edge:

By best estimates, about 350,000 congregations are found in the United States. A majority are not thriving. Some experts say that in the next three decades between 30 percent and 40 percent are likely to close—around 100,000 congregations. The average age of those attending congregations has increased and the average size has decreased, with a majority dipping below one hundred members. These trends now show no theological discrimination: liberal and conservative, evangelical and mainline show similar patterns.

Wesley Granberg-Michaelson

These statistics hold true for churches of Christ as well. Best estimates predict we will decline from about a million members in 12,000 congregations today to “to as few as 250,000 members and 2,800 congregations in the next thirty years.” [1]

Wesley Granberg-Michaelson, correctly I believe, lists five reasons why this is so:

  1. Demography. We are “aging out.” Twenty percent of the population at large is between the ages of eighteen and thirty-four. I’m afraid that percentage is much lower in our congregations.
  1. Nones. The fastest-growing religion in America today is “none.” Why should this be so?
  1. Inward Focus. Granberg-Michaelson observes:

“Faced with threats of decline, many congregations become preoccupied with their internal life, struggling to attract more people through the doors in any way possible.”

  1. Impotent Witness. The Culture Wars focused on conspiracies, politics, “idolatrous nationalism, judgmental exclusivism, and implicit cultural superiority.”
  1. Shallow Spiritual Transformation. Without roots, commitment dies.

Before I begin pointing fingers, I need to remember four of those fingers are pointed back at me. I fear preachers are primarily responsible for our decline. For example, think of the use of gimmicks instead of the Gospel to attract people to God. The church calendar is filled with programs and activities. We are impotent witnesses “holding a form of godliness but denying its power” (Paul, 2 Timothy 2:5). We are preaching lessons that sound more at home on Oprah or Dr. Phil than in the pulpit.

But the greatest failing is failing to know the Lord. How would you answer Pharaoh’s question, “Who is the Lord?” (Exodus 5:2) Where is the fire in our souls?

What is the solution? I am not overly concerned about the church “aging out.”

America is now on the brink of an elderly boom, and the new projections illustrate its magnitude. Since the 1950s, the number of older people (those ages 65 and older) has been growing gradually, but it will increase sharply beginning in 2011 as the baby-boom generation (born between 1946 and 1964) begins to turn 65. Today, roughly one in eight Americans are older, up from roughly one in 10 in the 1950s. By 2030, when the entire baby-boom generation has reached age 65, older people are expected to include almost one in five people. This share resembles Florida’s population today. By 2050, the share will be slightly more than one in five. [2]

We’re not “aging out.” We should be reaching out to the fastest-growing segment of the American population! Yes, we need younger families, but we need to be deeply concerned about why we are not attracting more people of all generations!

  [1] Reese, Jack R. At the Blue Hole: Elegy for a Church on the Edge (p. 13). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Kindle Edition.


Telephones and Websites

photo by Pixabay

My mother always told me, “Son, don’t work on Sundays. It’s the Lord’s Day.” Naturally, I became a preacher, and I’ve worked almost every Sunday ever since! Many of you know I am looking for a new church to work with right now, allowing me to visit many different congregations. Today, let’s think about visitors and the challenges they face.

The first challenge is just finding the building and learning the time for services. Believe it or not, many congregations don’t have a sign with that information posted. (You’ll get extra credit if it is large enough to read without getting out of the car.) I have also discovered that those churches with signs may not have a phone number printed! (You’ll get even more points if it is a cell phone number and not just a landline that rings and rings and rings.) So if you have a phone, does it have a voicemail inbox that at least announces the service times?

Of course, most people looking to visit your church will try to find it on the web first to learn more. If you have a website (and I’m sure you do, right?), has it been updated? Who cares about a potluck that was three months ago? Privacy is another consideration. The internet is open to anyone. “Prayer lists” are notoriously guilty. Health care professionals are very, very careful about guarding a patient’s confidential information. Still, we freely give out all the juicy details about Brother Smith’s colonoscopy (and often include phone numbers and addresses). At the very least, please don’t include last names! “Please pray for the Jones family, who will be out of town for the next three weeks (and the key is under the mat).” I’m sure you understand.

On the other hand, it has never been easier to create and maintain a beautiful website! There is no excuse for ugly, boring, static sites. (A great place to begin is on Even if you have a beautiful site, how can you be sure visitors will find you using a search engine. Your visitors will probably use a Search Engine like Google to look for your webpage. Search engines aren’t logical. Try finding “St. John Church of Christ.” We’ve optimized our site (see articles about “Search Engine Optimization,” also called SEO), but we still don’t appear at the top of your search page! Imagine how hard it might be to find us on the net if we didn’t use SEO! (Andy Williams has a great resource that I highly recommend at

You’ve called or searched and found when and where the church will meet next week. So in our next devotional, let’s talk about what people expect when they visit. Meanwhile, take time today to pray for those who are searching. Lord, help us connect!

The Sinner and Sister Busybody

When I first started working in ministry, I met a wonderful elder. He was very concerned that our congregation grew, so he visited a Mega-Church in Texas for a three-day workshop on the subject. He came home full of ideas and excitement. Mega-Church has an information booth in the foyer for visitors, so he decided we needed one too if we were going to grow. In our little church, the only problem was that three friendly couples greeted visitors. The visitors were given a warm handshake (this was pre-covid), a smile, and a bulletin. Then the guests were shown to class or to a place in the auditorium for worship. This did two things. First, this ensured the visitors didn’t sit in someone else’s place. (I once saw a member demand a visiting family sit someplace else because she had been sitting in that spot for twenty years. The visitors never came back.) Second, the visitors became guests in our family. The greeters introduced the guests to someone else before they returned to the foyer.

A visitor information booth made sense in a congregation of 5,000, but it seemed a little silly in one of 300. There was a great danger the information booth would discourage the greeters and possibly even end their ministry. Instead, our three little couples simply moved from greeting visitors in the foyer to meeting them out front on the steps as they got out of their cars! It was brilliant. The last I knew, the information booth had become a lost-and-found.

Think about it for a moment. It can be a very frightening thing to visit a church. Everyone knows everyone (and if they don’t, that’s a subject for another day). You are the outsider. You don’t know what to expect. “Will I be singled-out?” Recently, a young, troubled woman visited our worship. She desperately needed God, but she was terribly, terribly shy. She was worried she wouldn’t be accepted because of her clothes and greasy hair. She arrived after services began and sat as close to the door as possible. (She didn’t know in most churches; you must arrive early to get a backseat.) My wife Jan befriended the girl before the last song was finished and even got her to stay for the potluck following services. (It wasn’t that hard. She was hungry.)

What happened next was as natural as it was sad. The girl sat by herself while Jan tended to some of our seniors. Sister Busybody pounced with a bright smile and a thousand questions. The shy girl left as quickly as she could. Then Sister Busybody explained to anyone who would listen that the girl was some distant relative’s ex and probably was a drug addict. The girl was looking for God, but we never saw her again.

Please read Luke 7:36 – 50 and think about how that applies to this situation.

A PowerPoint Crisis

Photo by Ksenia Chernaya

It was a crisis. As services began, the costly bulb in the overhead projector burned out. The screen went blank, and the poor song leader was lost. So how could we sing without the words and the music projected behind him? There was chaos as the soundboard deacon tried to find another bulb or a new projector. Everyone panicked until the obvious solution appeared. “Everyone take a songbook out of the rack on the pew in front of you, and let’s sing as our grandparents did!” The service was saved.

We’ve become overly reliant on technology. In some tiny mission churches I’ve worked with in Asia, the members don’t feel it is a real church unless they have a big pulpit, microphone, and a dozen speakers – all for less than twenty people!

Technology (and I confess I’m a geek) should enhance worship and classes, not become the focus. Cute YouTube videos, animated words, and flashy graphics can have their place, but they should always improve the experience and not be the experience. It seems like it is not enough to know Greek and Hebrew. Now we need to be master graphic artists. Rather than joining Brother Curmudgeon, I’d like to offer a few simple suggestions.

First, finish your lesson before you open PowerPoint. Have a clear outline of your text and its application before you start generating graphics.

Second, choose themes and graphics that are easy on the eyes. Florescent colors, flashy fonts, and special effects may reach a younger audience (which is a huge assumption) but most often detract from your message.

Third, please, no more than eight lines per slide (and it is better to use no more than six). Consider the spacing between the lines and use a clean, preferably non-serif, font.

Fourth, yes! Project the Scriptures you are talking about onto the screen. In a world where you are unsure which version the audience is using (KJV, NIV, ESV, The Message), projecting one translation will help them focus on your message. Try to avoid “proof-texting” (using a dozen passages from a dozen places to support your point). Encourage people to study whole passages by demonstrating it as you preach.

Finally, images can enhance your lesson. After all, PowerPoint is a visual aid, so be visual, but beware of copyrights! Don’t look for pictures using Google! Believe me, some companies are in the business of bounty-hunting. They search YouTube, Facebook, and the web for copyrighted images that are being used without the artist’s permission. You don’t want to get in a legal fight, and the fines are costly – even for a little church in the middle of nowhere. So, where can you find images to use? Consider building a library of pictures you have taken (Some excellent cataloging programs can help you keep track of your photographs. I love Adobe Lightroom.) See a picture on Facebook? Ask if you can use it. Invite members to share the snaps from their phones. Of course, finding and editing those amateur pictures can be extra work. Thankfully, there are some great sources of free images on the Internet. Three of my favorites are,, and especially Although these images are free for you to use (non-commercially), it is always good to credit the artist.

Jesus used visual aids – writing in the dirt, holding up a coin, pointing out the flowers and the birds, and more. Just remember, a visual aid is just that: an aid.

The Pursuit of Faith

Paul told Timothy to “pursue faith” but how is that possible?

Gordon Gower preaching in the wilderness

I can understand pursuing righteousness and godliness, but how do we pursue faith, Paul’s third virtue in 1 Timothy 6:11? Long ago, Secundus was asked, “What is faith?” He answered, “a marvelous certainty about something otherwise unknown.” [1] The Hebrew writer says, “Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen” (Hebrews 11:1).

“The assurance of things hoped for ….” The lexicon says the word “assurance” (hypostasis, ὑπόστασις) means “the essential or basic structure/nature of an entity, substantial nature, essence, actual being, reality” [2] So faith is the basis of hope. It might also be translated as “hope realized” (see HCSB “Now faith is the reality of what is hoped for.” Cf. NLT) But how do we obtain that certainty? Gideon asked for a sign. Then Gideon said to God, “If you will save Israel by my hand, as you have said, behold, I am laying a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece alone, and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall know that you will save Israel by my hand, as you have said” (Judges 6:36 – 37). Although the Lord accepted Gideon’s challenge, that hardly seems like an act of faith.

Faith and belief translate the same Greek word (pisteuo, πιστεύω). The father of a demon-possessed boy cried, “I believe; help my unbelief!” (Mark 9:24). Perfect faith is a rare gem! “Doubting” Thomas demanded to touch the resurrected Lord (John 20:25). Nathanael refused to believe Philip’s conclusion that Jesus was the promised one (John 1:46) until Nathanael invited him to come to see for himself.

The key to the pursuit of faith is to see faith in action. I mean that the way to pursue faith is to act on that belief. The Hebrew writer concludes, “And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets—who through faith conquered kingdoms, enforced justice, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong out of weakness, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight” (Hebrews 11:32 – 34). Notice the key phrase: “who through faith.” Just ask Peter. Sometimes you gotta get out of the boat.

How can we pursue faith today? Think of something that is worrying you. Write it down. Now lay it before the Lord. Give it to God and wait. Our Lord is mighty and full of surprises!

Remember: “And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him” (Hebrews 11:6).

  [1] Fragmenta Philosophorum Graecorum—List 5, I 516 cited in Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., Bauer, W., & Gingrich, F. W. (2000). A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian literature (3rd ed.). University of Chicago Press.

[2] Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., Bauer, W., & Gingrich, F. W. (2000).


Photo by Serkan Göktay

Waiting is hard! God called Moses up onto Mt. Sinai to receive the stone tablets with the 10 Commandments.

“Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. The glory of the LORD dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. Now the appearance of the glory of the LORD was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights” (Exodus 24;15 – 18).

How frightening it must have been to enter the cloud of fire! Step by step, Moses and Joshua climbed until they reached the top. Their senses, especially their sense of hearing, must have been heightened as they strained to find the presence of the Lord, but did you notice? They waited six days before the Lord called to Moses on the seventh day. What was the waiting like? Six days! Six nights! I doubt Moses and Joshua talked. Sleep must have been fitful in the open on the rocks waiting for the Lord.

I wonder if we don’t miss the blessing of waiting for the Lord? We are like children in the back of the car on a road trip: “Are we there yet?” Hurry and flurry are our twin companions. Children want to be teens. Teens want to be adults. Adults want to find success, and those of us with silver hair look back and wonder about all the things we missed.

What did Moses think about during those six days? Did he wonder, “When is he going to get here?” I doubt it. A cloud of fire surrounded Moses. Surely, he recognized the presence of the Lord while he waited! Perhaps he remembered. Could he recall his righteous mother? Did he think about being a prince in the courts of Pharaoh? Did he think about the man he killed when he was 40 or wandering in the wilderness herding sheep for the next 40 years? I can’t help but think that Moses marveled at the providence of God leading him to this point. I suspect he also wondered about what came next – the Promised Land and the people of God.

Today, let’s not be in a hurry. Consider the blessing of waiting. Isaiah promised:

  they who wait for the LORD shall renew their strength;
  they shall mount up with wings like eagles;
              they shall run and not be weary;
  they shall walk and not faint (Isaiah 40:31).

The Pursuit of Godliness

The ancient church in Tagbah, Galilee

The Apostle Paul told young Timothy to flee from evil and pursue six virtues: “righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness” (1 Timothy 6:11). In a previous devotional, we focused on righteousness. Righteousness is the opposite of emptiness which is a kind of evil (kakia) leads to a dead end.

The second virtue, godliness, can be described as the opposite of another kind of evil: poneros (πονηρός). The English word pornography is based on this kind of evil. (Pornography comes from the Greek words porn-, evil, and graphe, writing). The basic definition of poneros is worthless, and so poneros becomes wicked, evil, bad, even vicious, and degenerate. The devil himself is called poneros personified (Mt 13:19; J 17:15; Eph 6:16; 1J 2:13f; 5:18, 19)!

Thus, godliness is focused on living a fulfilling life, but it is deeper than just appearances. Paul warned Timothy about people who have “the appearance of godliness but deny its power” (2 Timothy 3:5). This is another example of hypocrisy. For the Greeks, a hypocrite is someone who is wearing a mask like the actors on an ancient stage. So many people pretend to be godly – they go through the motions of religion – but the critical element is missing.

So, what is the power of true godliness? First, godliness means depending on God’s strength and the power of the Holy Spirit. The Lord told Paul, “My power is made perfect in weakness” (2 Corinthians 12:9), and he observed, “When I am weak, then I am strong” (2 Corinthians 12:10). Perhaps you’ve heard the expression, “Let go and let God”? Sometimes our trying to fix things only makes it worse! A godly person has learned to relax and trust the Lord will make things right.

Second, the power of godliness comes from observation and discernment. In Christ, our senses are trained to focus on the end of things. Where will this lead us? What are the consequences of the choices we are making? Rick Warren wrote:

You are free to choose what you surrender to, but you are not free from the consequences of that choice. E. Stanley Jones said, “If you don’t surrender to Christ, you surrender to chaos.” [1]

Eleanor Roosevelt said, “One’s philosophy is not best expressed in words; it is expressed in the choices one makes.”

Chose to be godly!

  [1] Warren, Rick. The Purpose Driven Life (p. 100). Zondervan.

Pursuits and Obsessions

Kayaking in Germany a long, long time ago

Jan says I don’t have hobbies. I have obsessions! That may be true, but some things are worth pursuing. For example, the Apostle Paul told his young protégé, Timothy, to flee from evil and “Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness” (1 Timothy 6:11). So let’s think about these six virtues and then ponder what it means to pursue them.

To understand the meaning of our first virtue, righteousness (dikaiosune, δικαιοσύνη), we need to understand its opposite, evil (kakia, κακία). The base definition of kakia is “empty.” 

The word κακός … expresses the presence of a lack. It is not positive; it is an incapacity or weakness. Like “evil,” it has more than purely moral significance. The wealth of the term is expressed in the developing concepts χείρων [worse[1]], κακίων [evil], ἥττων [inferior]. Thus κακός means “mean,” “unserviceable,” “incapable,” “poor of its kind.” [2]

We might say, “Evil is a dead end.” It makes great promises that it can’t fulfill. People are challenged to “climb to the top of the ladder,” only to discover it is empty when they get there. So many sins promise happiness, but it’s kakia – empty. Righteousness is the opposite of that. This virtue is fulfilling! 

It is also interesting to note that the Greeks believed kakia arises through ignorance. [3]. Therefore, it is safe to say that pursuing righteousness involves education. Christians are to go through life with both eyes wide open. We understand the consequences of our actions and so avoid evil as we seek righteousness. Jesus said, “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied” (Matthew 5:6).

How do we pursue righteousness? Jesus also said the place to begin the search is to “seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you” (Matthew 6:33). The Apostle Paul emphasized the importance of Bible study in the pursuit of righteousness when he wrote:

“All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work” (2 Timothy 3:16 – 17).

The author of Hebrews adds:

“For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the basic principles of the oracles of God. You need milk, not solid food, for everyone who lives on milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, since he is a child. But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil” (Hebrews 5:12 – 14).

But true righteousness isn’t just a matter of thinking. It is faith in action! This was crucial for the Apostle John, who wrote:

“Little children, let no one deceive you. Whoever practices righteousness is righteous, as he is righteous. Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil. No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God’s seed abides in him; and he cannot keep on sinning, because he has been born of God. By this it is evident who are the children of God, and who are the children of the devil: whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother” (1 John 3:7 – 10).

In other words, if you want to be right, you need to do right.


[1] So the proconsul said: “I have wild beasts; I will throw you to them, unless you change your mind.” But he said: “Call for them! For the repentance from better to worse is a change impossible for us; but it is a noble thing to change from that which is evil to righteousness.” Polycarp in Holmes, M. W. (1999). The Apostolic Fathers: Greek texts and English translations (Updated ed., p. 235). Baker Books.

[2] Grundmann, W. (1964–). κακός, ἄκακος, κακία, κακόω, κακο͂ργος, κακοήθεια, κακοποιέω, κακοποιός, ἐγκακιέω, ἀνεξίκακος. In G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley, & G. Friedrich (Eds.), Theological dictionary of the New Testament (electronic ed., Vol. 3, p. 469). Eerdmans.

[3] Ibid.

Lateral Thinking

John & John McKeel in Jerusalem

We don’t always have to move in a straight line from point A to point B in our thinking. Two of our grandchildren are English and are taught to think laterally in school. Here is a story that illustrates that point.

Once there was a poor and destitute man. He was overwhelmed with debt, but he had a beautiful daughter. A powerful, wealthy man approached him with an offer. “I need a wife, and you have a beautiful daughter. I will put two rocks in this bag. One is white, and one is black. We’ll let your daughter draw one out of the bag. If it is black, she must marry me, but I will pay off all your debts. If she draws out the white stone, she won’t have to marry me, but I will still pay your debts.”

The poor man didn’t have much choice. However, the rich man cheated. He put two black stones in the bag! The man was doomed to lose his beautiful daughter. However, when it came time to draw out a rock, the wise young woman who knew what the man had done drew out a stone but dropped it into the black gravel.

“Oh! How clumsy of me,” she said. “Fortunately, we still have the other stone in the bag. The first stone must have been the opposite color of that one,” and she drew out the remaining black stone.

Many so-called Biblical Contradictions can easily be solved. They are only contradictions if we jump to conclusions. For example, “How many blind men did Jesus heal on his way to Jerusalem?”

Matthew says, “And as they went out of Jericho, a great crowd followed him. And behold, there were two blind men sitting by the roadside, and when they heard that Jesus was passing by, they cried out, ‘Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David!’” (Matthew 20:29 – 30)

On the other hand, Mark says, “And they came to Jericho. And as he was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside” (Mark 10:46). Luke wrote: “As he drew near to Jericho, a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging. And hearing a crowd going by, he inquired what this meant. They told him, ‘Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.’ And he cried out, ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!’ (Luke 18:35 – 38).

Read the text carefully before you conclude there is a contradiction. Luke says, “As he drew near to Jericho,” while Mark says, “as he was leaving Jericho.” Matthew simply summarizes the healings in Jericho and gives the total of “two blind men.”

It seems some people get all their exercise by jumping to conclusions.

Worship Lite

Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem

I have a suspicion there is more to worship than most of us experience. Eugene Peterson, the author of The Message paraphrase of the Bible, wrote: “Worship does not satisfy our hunger for God—it whets our appetite” [1]; at least it should. One writer suggested two items are missing from our pews: seatbelts and crash helmets. Worship should be exciting and inspiring. We are coming into the very presence of the Almighty! Worship is to glorify God and transform the worshiper, but so often, it is so-so. Why is that?

I believe most of the fault is with us when we come into His presence unprepared. Perhaps the pace of life is too fast. We jump into the car, and suddenly we are there at the appointed hour. So how can we switch from racing around the house gathering children, Bibles, and casseroles for the potluck to opening our hearts in confession and praise? I envy the Jews of the First Century. To go up to Jerusalem to worship in the Temple required planning. It wasn’t just something that happened but would often require days of walking with fellow pilgrims. Perhaps we would sing the Psalms of Ascent as we marched toward the Holy City. When we finally arrived, we would climb the steps carefully and pass through an underground passageway to enter the courtyard of the Temple. (The stairs were intentionally made in different widths and heights to cause people to think about each step and what they were doing.)

One of the significant differences brought about by the new covenant was transferring the place of worship from a great temple in Jerusalem into the temple of our hearts. We should prepare our hearts for worship, but how?

First, by not rushing. The Brethren in England have a table in the foyer of their churches. Worshipers leave their watches there. Worship is timeless.

Second, by recognizing what we are doing. For example, in talking about the Lord’s Supper, the Apostle Paul told the Corinthians, “Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself” (1 Corinthians 11:28 – 29). 

Does it seem like we are afraid of silence in worship? The one thing radio announcers fear most is “dead air.” We always keep talking, playing music, and filling the airwaves with sound. It shouldn’t be that way in worship. The psalmist said, “Be still, and know that I am God” (Psalm 46:10).

Third, by seeking the blessing. The songs are to teach us (Colossians 3:16). What have you learned? The sermon is to build us up in our holy faith. That requires us to listen and apply what we learn. Prayer is an active process. We don’t just listen; we confess, ask, thank, and adore the Lord in prayer.

Alright. Fasten your seatbelt and put on your helmet! We are setting aside worship lite for the real thing!

  [1] Peterson, E. H. (2019). A Long Obedience in the Same Direction: Discipleship in an Instant Society (Commemorative Edition, p. 50). IVP Books: An Imprint of InterVarsity Press